9, "Chinese 2025 Blue Book (2016)" issued, the construction of manufacturing Power Strategy Advisory Committee prepared by the national China blue book, from the comprehensive, field, thematic, regional and international five systematically summarizes "2025 China manufacturing" released since the implementation of the process, and the development trends of the global manufacturing industry and new initiatives.
Blue book said, in intelligent manufacturing technology, manufacturing industry changes comprehensive cost and other factors, the global manufacturing industry is accelerating the layout gradually adjusted, the cost to Southeast Asia, South Asia and Africa more low transfer area.
Blue book said that a few years ago, Latin America, Eastern Europe, Asia, most areas are low manufacturing cost areas, the United States, Western Europe and Japan is a high manufacturing cost zone. However, in recent years, the global manufacturing cost pattern has been changing in recent years under the influence of labor productivity improvement, technological breakthroughs and other cost changes, such as energy and logistics.
A few years ago, Latin America, Eastern Europe, and much of Asia were low manufacturing cost zones.
The book quoted data of Boston consulting firm said that the country's lowest cost manufacturing in Indonesia, India, Mexico, Thailand, Chinese, this is the highest cost of manufacturing industry in Australia, Switzerland, Brazil, France, Italy, belgium. Russia, Brazil manufacturing cost advantage weakened. Mexico, the United States and other labor productivity and energy cost advantages obvious, manufacturing cost advantages gradually emerged.
Under the influence of cost change, on the one hand, the manufacturing of multinational corporations tends to accelerate the return to the developed countries. On the other hand, the global manufacturing industry shifts to Southeast Asia, South Asia, Africa and other places.
Chinese Ministry of industry and information technology minister Miao Wei said the same day, to promote the manufacturing industry supply side structural reform, to grasp the lower comprehensive cost companies to resolve the overcapacity and disposal of zombie enterprises, padded innovation ability, quality brand and industrial base short board etc..
To reduce the overall cost of enterprises, Miao Wei said, first, to reduce factor costs; two is to reduce transaction costs; three is to reduce institutional costs.